What’s The Difference Between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics?
Microeconomics and Macroeconomics
The difference between micro and macro economics is quite simple.Macroeconomics is the branch of economics that looks at economy in a broad sense and deals with factors affecting the national, regional, or global economy as a whole. Microeconomics looks at the economy on a smaller scale and deals with specific entities like businesses, households and individuals.Let us see the difference in detail.
As it’s name implies Microeconomics micro in nature and takes Bottom-up approach. Microeconomics is the study of decisions that people and businesses make regarding the allocation of resources and prices of goods and services. This means also taking into account taxes and regulations created by governments. Microeconomics focuses on supply and demand and other forces that determine the price levels seen in the economy. For example, microeconomics would look at how a specific company could maximize its production and capacity so it could lower prices and better compete in its industry.
Macroeconomics, on the other hand, is the field of economics that studies the behavior of the economy as a whole and not just on specific companies, but entire industries and economies. This looks at economy-wide phenomena, such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and how it is affected by changes in unemployment, national income, rate of growth, and price levels. For example, macroeconomics would look at how an increase/decrease in net exports would affect a nation’s capital account or how GDP would be affected by unemployment rate.
Micro and Macro
While these two studies of economics appear to be different, they are actually interdependent and complement one another since there are many overlapping issues between the two fields. For example, increased inflation (macro effect) would cause the price of raw materials to increase for companies and in turn affect the end product’s price charged to the public.
The bottom line is that microeconomics takes a bottoms-up approach to analyzing the economy while macroeconomics takes a top-down approach. Microeconomics tries to understand human choices and resource allocation, and macroeconomics tries to answer such questions as “What should the rate of inflation be?” or “What stimulates economic growth?”
Regardless, both micro- and macroeconomics provide fundamental tools for any finance professional and should be studied together in order to fully understand how companies operate and earn revenues and thus, how an entire economy is managed and sustained.
“Microeconomics is generally the study of individuals and business decisions.Macroeconomics looks at higher up country and government decisions.”
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